Uriel Jarquín: 100% natural born beekeeper
In his house in the Municipality of Muy Muy in the Province of Matagalpa, Uriel has a wood workshop. There he makes the boxes that will be home to his future bees and he teaches others how to make them. Both biologist and craftsman, Uriel is one of the great entrepreneurs in one of Nicaragua’s greatest growth sectors, beekeeping (apiculture).
Although he has only been working in apiculture for 5 years, he now owns more than 220 hives. His experience, his wide knowledge, and his good nature have made him advisor to many of the other beekeepers in neighbouring places. This knowledge is also what has lead him to participate in the Adapt Project, as he is one of the 20 observing producers who carry out the daily collection of climate data using the weather stations that the Adapt Project has installed.
For Uriel, knowing how the climate is changing is essential. “The good thing about the Adapta project is that they are working with the climate. There are other projects which work with yield and production, but they have forgotten that if the climate is not right, there is no production or reproduction. If you have prior warning of where you should migrate/move the beehives to, this can help us improve production.”
Nicaragua is the 4th country most affected by climate change, and its beekeepers know it better than anyone: “During this last year, we have had long droughts in the dry zone. We used to move the hives to the Huaco zone, but we can’t do it any more because it hasn’t rained for 3 years. This is a 50% production loss. Last year, I extracted 20 barrels of honey in the summer. If it had been a good year, I would have got 40. Sometimes we have to get into debt in order to keep going. Many beekeepers are no longer there. They haven’t coped. You have to put up with difficult times because of the climate,” Uriel acknowledges.
However, he is determined to cope, and to ensure that his hives and production continue to grow. “With this project, we will be able to monitor the climate. We will know how dry the Huaco and Nagarote zones will be, and move the hives accordingly. Because if you move one, but we don’t know how the zone will be, the hive can be lost.
The Adapta Project will provide quality climate information, analysis and training for the management of cacao and honey production with the impact of climate change and training in business administration. It is hoped that within 4 years, beekeepers like Uriel may be able to increase their production by 2.5%